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Periodontal disease happens as a result of infections created by plaque encasing the tissues surrounding your teeth. The tissues in question include the gums, surrounding bone and ligament tissues, and a hard substance known as cementum that encase the roots of your teeth. The first stage of periodontal disease is gingivitis and targets just the gums. The usual signs of gingivitis include swelling, painful and tender gums, bleeding during flossing and brushing, halitosis or bad breath, the development of gaps between the teeth and gums which contain a dense, yellowish pus, and recession of the gum line that results in teeth appearing longer.
Preventing Periodontal Disease
Luckily, periodontal disease is easy to prevent as long as the correct oral care practice is followed. Daily brushing of the teeth and the tongue is an extremely important part of preventing plaque from appearing on teeth and between the teeth. Flossing dislodges any food pieces from between your teeth, and swishing with a dentist approved mouthwash gets rid of any food particles that flossing and brushing may have missed. In addition, booking regular comprehensive cleanings with your dentist is highly recommended. We offer in-office fluoride treatments as well as sealants to help protect your teeth.
Some of the risk factors for the establishment of periodontal disease include various personal habits like smoking or bad dietary choices, age, and genetics. There is some good news, patients have an opportunity to completely reverse periodontal disease as long as it’s caught early. Ask your dentist about getting a comprehensive periodontal check on a yearly basis to check for warning signs early enough to start the healing process.
Stopping and reversing gingivitis involves establishing the best oral health care routine, as described above that includes brushing, flossing, and swishing. Helping your immune system by eating foods rich in whole grains, fresh vegetables, lean meats, seafood, and fresh fruit can help slow down the growth of periodontal disease.
Treating Advanced Periodontal Disease
In recent years significant progress has been made in relation to the treatment of advanced periodontal disease. There are many options depending on particular factors such as the amount of the damage to your gums. Please feel free to contact our office for more information on how we can help you.